Due to his complete unquestioned authority, he never had to cite or give a single statistic, fact or figure. The Soviet Union ceased to exist on December 31, All land had been declared nationalized by the Decree on Landfinalized in the Land Codewhich also set collectivization as the long-term goal.
This was highly successful. The requisitioning of farm produce was replaced by a tax system a fixed proportion of the cropand the peasants were free to sell their surplus at a state-regulated price - although they were encouraged to join state farms Sovkhozesset up on land expropriated from nobles after the revolutionin which they worked for a fixed wage like workers in a factory.
Living conditions also remained abysmal. They all seem to share an acceptance of deprivation today in exchange for the utopia of tomorrow. Another issue was that quality was sacrificed in order to achieve quantity and because of this production results generated wildly varied items.
Obtaining the maximum amount of grain would require a whole new agricultural system.
Here "duty" can also be interpreted as "debt. Those who did not give up their grain were considered breaking Soviet law, which caused the famine.
Quotas expecting to reach He presented the need to industrialize as a life or death struggle. Information technology[ edit ] State planning of the economy required processing large amounts of statistical data. He introduced two sets of policies he hoped would reform the political system and help the USSR become a more prosperous, productive nation.
Reconstruction was impeded by a chronic labor shortage due to the enormous number of Soviet casualties in the war between million.
Soviet workers believed in the need for "constant struggle, struggle, and struggle" to achieve a Communist society. The successes the industrialization drive did enjoy were the results of the transformation of the Russian agricultural system and the exploitation of the peasantry.
Soon, however, the regime favored the kolhoz, or collective farms, in which the peasants lived and farmed together, and had to pay the state a proportion of their harvest, usually around forty percent which was more exploitive and therefore preferable since the peasants had to suffer whatever shortages arose, not the state.
He became Communist Party secretary in and premier in Forced labor became the norm because of propaganda scaring the workers by fear of the second coming of the Great Purge. The peasants led an all-out attack to protect individual farming; however, Stalin rightly did not see the peasants as a threat.
Peasants were mainly concerned for their own well being and felt that the state had nothing of necessity to offer for the grain. Man of Steel UK: According to Marxist theory, only through a modern industrialized economy could a true proletariat class be developed as Marx makes no mention of a peasant class.
The MTSs also had a political department that reported to a national body Kenez, While largely failing at that objective  it managed to significantly improve Soviet computer technology.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. While many factories were built and industrial production did increase exponentially, they were not close to reaching their target numbers.
The great push for industrialization caused quotas to consistently be looked at and adjusted. Stalin described it as a new revolution from above. The alliance between countries of the Western bloc was a political show of force against the USSR and its allies. GNP composition in Figure 2:Robert Service, the author of Stalin: A Biography (), has pointed out: "During the First Five Year Plan the USSR underwent drastic change.
Ahead lay campaigns to spread collective farms and eliminate kulaks, clerics and private traders. Stalin’s purges during –38 saw the untimely demise of millions of political activists, civil servants, and ordinary undesirable citizens.
The construction of forced-labor camps or Gulags began and they remained active until the end of the Cold War. During his reign, Stalin launched a series of five-year plans. These plans were set to transform the Soviet Union from a peasant, weak country to an industrial, national power country.
His plan relied on government control of the economy and forced the collectivization of Soviet agriculture. Ch. 28 Sec 4.
STUDY. PLAY. - Karl Marx predicted that under communism the state would wither away but opposite under Stalin-Stalin turned the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state controlled by powerful and complex bureaucracy. Stalin's five year plan - Stalin's five year plans set high production goals especially for heavy industry.
InJoseph Stalin developed his first plan that concentrated on the development of the Soviet Union in the global economic spectrum. Stalin proposed that electricity, coal, and iron production need be increased significantly in the following five years in order to compete with capitalist countries.
Stalin imposed government control over the Soviet Union's economy. In the past, Russia had suffered because of its economic backwardness. Inhe proposed the first of several "five-year plans" aimed at building heavy industry, improving transportation, and increasing farm output.Download