Environmental Impact Assessment EIA studies need a significant amount of primary and secondary environmental data. Lessons learnt and formally described in an audit can greatly assist in future EIAs and build up the expertise and efficiency of the concerned institutions.
These techniques collect and present knowledge and information in a straightforward way so that logical decisions can be made about which impacts are most significant.
Similarly, feasibility studies may indicate that some options are technically or economically unacceptable and thus environmental prediction work for these options will not be required. Tiering[ edit ] On exceptionally large projects, especially proposed highway and railroad corridors that cross long distances, the lead agency may use a two-tiered process prior to implementing the proposed action.
The purpose of monitoring is to compare predicted and actual impacts, particularly if the impacts are either very important or the scale of the impact cannot be very accurately predicted.
However, the sort of open debate engendered at such meetings is often both culturally alien and unacceptable. The publication of the draft Environmental Impact Statement EISwill normally be accompanied by some sort of public hearing that needs to be chaired by a person with good communication skills.
The intent of NEPA is to help key decisionmakers and stakeholders balance the need to implement an action with its impacts on the surrounding human and natural environment, and provide opportunities for mitigating those impacts while keeping the cost and schedule for implementing the action under control.
For the latter the uncertainty is in the accuracy of the findings. For example, the repair of a recently destroyed diversion structure is unlikely to require an EIA whilst a major new headwork structure may.
However, authorization is needed for their use, which may be linked to national security issues, and may thus be hampered by reluctant governments. Description of the project Description of actual project and site description Break the project down into its key components, i. Instead of one defined leader, the group leads itself.
Charismatic By far the most successful trait-driven leadership style is charismatic. The community should not only be consulted they should be actively involved in environmental matters. The team leader will require significant management skill to co-ordinate the work of a team with diverse skills and knowledge.
Further reading on public participation can be obtained from: The central problem here is similar to the one associated with autocratic leaders.
Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. In such cases, the Tier I EIS would analyze the potential socio-environmental impacts along a general corridor, but would not identify the exact location of where the action would occur.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature, IUCN promotes the concept of Primary Environmental Care whereby farmers, for example, with assistance from extension services, are directly involved in environmental management. At a Commonwealth i.
For example, two proposed sections of Interstate 69 in Kentucky were granted a CATEX from NEPA requirements as these portions of I will be routed over existing freeways requiring little more than minor spot improvements and a change of highway signage.
The Environmental Impact Assessment EIA experience in India indicates that the lack of timely availability of reliable and authentic environmental data has been a major bottle neck in achieving the full benefits of EIA. Clearly the aim will be to introduce measures which minimize any identified adverse impacts and enhance positive impacts.
This partly explains why China has witnessed so many mining accidents in recent years. It is at this early stage that EIA can most strongly influence the outline proposal.
Social studies including institutional capacity studies will probably produce output in non-numerical terms. Name two 2 similarities and two 2 differences between mitosis and meiosis I and II. Mitigating measures may also be procedural changes, for example, the introduction of, or increase in, irrigation service fees to promote efficiency and water conservation.
It will therefore usually be done by a separate team of specialists to that working on the bulk of the EIA.Most companies select a small subset of their significant environmental aspects to address initially.
The remaining significant environmental aspects will be addressed in the future.
Prioritizing environmental aspects can best be viewed as the process of squeezing your aspect evaluation rating through a practical consideration filter. Effects on the Environment" Note: Online students, please respond to one (1) of the following four (4) bulleted items. Discuss three (3) positive and three (3) negative impacts of humans on the biosphere.
Which positive and negative impacts do you believe are the most significant to consider. Justify your response. Describe two (2) techniques 94%(32). Next, indicate the significant impacts that each role has in contributing to delinquent behavior among juveniles.
Identify resources that exist within your community, organization, or online that could provide assistance with a wide variety of needs. Leadership has a direct cause and effect relationship upon organizations and their success.
Leaders determine values, culture, change tolerance and employee motivation. They shape institutional strategies including their execution and effectiveness. Leaders can appear at any level of an institution. The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act: How Reasonable Are the Projections?
Jonathan Gruber might imply for the impacts of the ACA. Finally, I discuss the projections of the impact of the and public insurance systems face significant financial risk from illness. Economic impacts of Tourism Page # 3 Benefit cost analysis and economic impact analysis are frequently confused as both discuss economic "benefits".
There are two clear distinctions between the two techniques.Download